1. Left: The ‘Monument to the Book’ on the road from Yerevan to Oshakan. 2. Centre: Statue of Mesrob Mashtots, the creator of the Armenian alphabet – outside the Matenadaran Library, Yerevan. 3. Right: The stone tablet marking the entrance to Mesrob’s crypt, Oshakan Church, Armenia. The incised alphabet is shown in nine groups of four letters.
4. Left: Turf letters in the garden at Oshakan, 2005. 5. Centre: Armenian tufa khachkars, in the gardens of Oshakan Church. 6. Right: Detail of Armenian tufa khachkars.
7. Left: The capital alphabet from a children’s book published in Armenia,1906. Armenian children usually learn these forms, the original alphabet, before the lower case letters. 8. Centre: Hand-carved wooden letters outside a Baker’s shop in central Yerevan. 9. Right: ‘Cooper Black’ hand-drawn on a dry-cleaner’s sign ‘Elita’.
10. Left: These ‘broken’ letters advertise a scrap dealer’s store. 11. Centre: 38 lower case letters in silk batik. Vernissage market, Yerevan, 2005. 12. Right: The 36 original capitals woven into a souvenir carpet, Vernissage market, Yerevan, 2005.
13. Left: Poster – for a concert of the singer, Hasmik Hatsagortsyan. 14. Centre: Poster for a choir concert. 15. Right: Stone plaque commemorating Hovsep Orbely, Oriental studies academic.
16. Left: Stone plaque commemorating composer Vardan Tigranyan. 17. Centre: Stone plaque commemorating architect Freidoon Aghalyan. 18. Right: Yakob Meghapart’s 1512 book Parzaytumar Hayoc.
19. Left: Robert Granjon’s Armenian type – 1584 calendar, Rome. 20. Centre: Robert Granjon’s type still in use for Ordo Divinae Missae Armenorvm printed in Rome, at the Propagande Fide, in 1642. 21. Right: Alphabetum Armenum, Rome, 1784.
22. Left: The Oskanian Bible, Amsterdam, 1666. Christoffel van Dyck cut the punches for the type shown here on the title page. The punctuation signs and Arabic numerals seen on the page were purchased from other printers. Page size: 21 x 26 cm. (copy in Matenadaran, Yerevan). 23. Centre: A close up of Christoffel van Dyck’s type. Various sizes and styles: erkatagir, bolorgir and notregir can all be seen. 24. Right: The Nicholas Kis types in the Armenian hymnal: Sharaknots, printed in 1685, Amsterdam.
25. Left: Some of the punches seized from Rome in 1811 and not returned. Cabinet de Poinçons, Ivry, Paris. © Atelier du Livre d’art et de l’Estampe. Imprimerie Nationale. 26. Centre: Some of the original copper matrices for the Armenian types from Rome. © Atelier du Livre d’art et de l’Estampe. Imprimerie Nationale. 27. Right: (part of) Proof specimen for Fleischmann’s Armenian, from the Enschedé archives.
28. Left: Page from Henrik Mnatsakanyan’s book Armenian Type, 1972 (?). 29. Centre: Spread from The Armenian Typefaces, Karo Tiraturian, 1963. 30. Right: Pomegranate fonts CD cover.